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dc.contributor.authorPeters, Jens 
dc.contributor.authorIribarren , Diego
dc.contributor.authorJuez Martel, Pedro 
dc.contributor.authorBurguillo Cuesta, María Mercedes
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationScience of the Total Environment, 2022, v. 843, n. 156963en
dc.identifier.issnISSN: 0048-9697
dc.description.abstractThe ongoing energy transition is causing rapid changes in the electricity system and, in consequence, the environmental impacts associated with electricity generation. In parallel, the daily variability of generation increases with higher shares of renewable energies. This affects the potential environmental impacts or benefits of devices with variable load or power, such as electric vehicles, storage systems or photovoltaic home systems. However, recent environmental assessments of the actual benefit of such systems are scarce, with existing assessments majorly using average grid mixes that are frequently outdated and disregard the dynamic nature of renewable generation. This article provides detailed hourly average and marginal electricity mixes for each month of the year, determined for Spain as an illustrative country with a diversified (renewable) power generation portfolio that experienced a rapid change in the last years. These are combined with specific life-cycle emission factors for each generation technology. Main drivers for the impacts of the marginal mix turn out to be natural gas plants and imports, but also pumped hydropower due to its comparably low storage efficiency. Applied to a hypothetical photovoltaic rooftop installation, the differences between environmental assessments on hourly and on annual basis are found to be surprisingly low when assuming that the generated electricity replaces the average grid mix, but substantial when considering the marginal generation mix (i.e., the generation technologies that respond to a change in demand at a given time). This highlights the importance of considering the dynamics of the electricity system and the corresponding marginal electricity mixes when optimizing flexible load or generation technologies under environmental aspects.en
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)en
dc.subjectEnergy storageen
dc.subjectLife cycle assessmenten
dc.subjectEnvironmental impacten
dc.subjectInventory dataen
dc.titleHourly marginal electricity mixes and their relevance for assessing the environmental performance of installations with variable load or poweren
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidad de Alcalá. Departamento de Economíaes_ES
dc.identifier.publicationtitleScience of the Total Environmenten

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
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