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dc.contributor.authorAuwerx, Joeri
dc.contributor.authorNieuwenhove, Joke Van
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez Barrios, Fátima 
dc.contributor.authorCastro, Sonia de
dc.contributor.authorVelázquez Díaz, Sonsoles
dc.contributor.authorCeccherini Silberstein, Francesca
dc.contributor.authorDe Clercq, Erik
dc.contributor.authorCamarasa Rius, María José
dc.contributor.authorPerno, Carlo Federico
dc.contributor.authorGago Badenas, Federico 
dc.contributor.authorBalzarini, Jan
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationFEBS Letters 579 (2005) 2294-2300en_US
dc.description.abstractAmino acids N137 and P140 in the p51 subunit of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) are part of the beta 7-beta 8-loop that contributes to the formation of the base of the non-nucleoside RT inhibitor (NNRTI)-binding pocket and makes up a substantial part of the dimerization interface. Amino acid P95 in p66 also markedly contributes to the dimerization binding energy. Nine RT mutants at amino acid 137 were constructed bearing the mutations Y, K, T, D, A, Q, S, H or E. The prolines at amino acid positions 95 and 140 were replaced by alanine in separate enzymes. We found that all mutant RT enzymes showed a dramatically decreased RNA-dependent DNA polymerase activity. None of the mutant RT enzymes showed marked resistance against any of the clinically used NNRTIs but they surprisingly lost significant sensitivity for NRTIs such as ddGTP. The denaturation analyses of the mutant RTs by urea are suggestive for a relevant role of N137 in the stability of the RT heterodimer and support the view that the beta 7-beta 8 loop in p51 is a hot spot for RT dimerization and instrumental for efficient polymerase catalytic activity. Consequently, N137 and P140 in p51 and P95 in p66 should be attractive targets in the design of new structural classes of RT inhibitors aimed at compromising the optimal interaction of the beta 7-beta 8 loop in p51 at the p66/p51 dimerization interface. (c) 2005 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.subjectAnti-HIV-1 drugsen_US
dc.titleThe N137 and P140 amino acids in the p51 and the P95 amino acid in the p66 subunit of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase are instrumental to maintain catalytic activity and to design new classes of anti-HIV-1 drugsen_US
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidad de Alcalá. Departamento de Farmacología

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