Towards sustainable energy-efficient communities based on a scheduling algorithm
AuthorsBravo Muñoz, Ignacio; Gardel Vicente, Alfredo; Palomar González, Esther; Cruz de la Torre, Carlos
IdentifiersPermanent link (URI): http://hdl.handle.net/10017/46997
Comunidad de Madrid
Cruz, C., Palomar, E., Bravo, I. & Gardel, A. 2019, "Towards sustainable energy-efficient communities based on a scheduling algorithm", Sensors, 2019, v. 19, n. 18, 3973.
Cooperative smart community
2017-T1/TIC-5184 (Comunidad de Madrid)
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)
The Internet of Things (IoT) and Demand Response (DR) combined have transformed the way Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) contribute to saving energy and reducing costs, while also giving consumers more control over their energy footprint. Unlike current price and incentive based DR strategies, we propose a DR model that promotes consumers reaching coordinated behaviour towards more sustainable (and green) communities. A cooperative DR system is designed not only to bolster energy efficiency management at both home and district levels, but also to integrate the renewable energy resource information into the community's energy management. Initially conceived in a centralised way, a data collector called the "aggregator" will handle the operation scheduling requirements given the consumers' time preferences and the available electricity supply from renewables. Evaluation on the algorithm implementation shows feasible computational cost (CC) in different scenarios of households, communities and consumer behaviour. Number of appliances and timeframe flexibility have the greatest impact on the reallocation cost. A discussion on the communication, security and hardware platforms is included prior to future pilot deployment.
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