Simulated effects of herb competition on planted Quercus faginea seedlings in Mediterranean abandoned cropland
IdentifiersPermanent link (URI): http://hdl.handle.net/10017/23059
This research has been funded by the projects Factores limitantes de la revegetación con especies leñosas autóctonas de áreas degradadas en ambientes mediterráneos. Rendimiento de distintas actuaciones de manejo (REN2000-745), granted by the CICYT (Spanish government) and Estrategias para la restauración de paisajes degradados en zonas secas (E040/2001), granted by the Universidad de Alcalá. We are indebted to the students Olivier Pastre and Antoine Aubeneau for their assistance in field and lab work. We acknowledge the comments on a preliminary version of this manuscript from our colleagues Fernando Valladares, Pedro Villar, and Miguel A. Zavala. Peter Buckley and an anonymous reviewer improved its final version.
Comisión Interministerial de Ciencia y Tecnología
Universidad de Alcalá
Applied Vegetation Science, 2003, v. 6, n. 2, p. 213-222
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/CICYT//REN2000-745/ES/Factores limitantes de la revegetación con especies leñosas autóctonas de áreas degradadas en ambientes mediterráneos. Rendimiento de distintas actuaciones de manejo
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/UAH//E040/2001/ES/FACTORES LIMITANTES DE LA IMPLANTACIÓN DE ESPECIES LEÑOSAS EN CLIMAS MEDITERRÁNEOS
Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
(c) IAVS, 2003
(c) Wiley, 2003
We tested simulated effects of herb competition on the performance of planted seedlings of Quercus faginea ssp. faginea in Mediterranean abandoned cropland. We produced three types of environment with respect to herb competition: absence of competition (AC), below-ground competition (BGC), and total competition (TC). We assessed the performance of Q. faginea seedlings in each treatment in five ways: (1) seedling mortality, (2) leaf length and total plant leaf area, (3) water potential, (4) total biomass and biomass allocation, and (5) non-structural carbohydrate storage in different plant organs. We also measured (6) soil moisture at different depths and (7) biomass production of herbs. The TC treatment reduced water availability more than the BGC treatment, in agreement with the most pronounced water stress in seedlings under TC conditions. BGC and TC treatments showed a high and similar seedling mortality, which was one order of magnitude higher than that in the AC treatment. Competition treatments affected glucose concentration in both shoots and roots, and followed the rank TC > BGC > AC. Q. faginea seedlings might compensate a lower water availability through glucose accumulation in leaves to reduce the osmotic potential. There was a maximum starch concentration in the BGC treatment that hints that a moderate resource limitation would limit tissue growth but not carbon assimilation. We conclude that the negative effects of herbs on Q. faginea seedlings are mostly a result of competition for water, and that this competition is noticeable since the earliest stages of the establishment. Complete weed removal is a technique that would strongly improve seedling survivorship.
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