A vitamin A- free diet results in impairment of the rat hippocampal somatostatinergic system
IdentifiersPermanent link (URI): http://hdl.handle.net/10017/2297
This work was supported by a grant (SAF 2003-08052) from the Dirección General de Investigación del Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología of Spain.
Neuroscience, 2006, vol. 141, n. 2, p. 851-861.
SAF2003-08052 (Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología)
Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España
(c) IBRO, 2006
(c) Elsevier, 2006
Previous studies have revealed the presence of retinoid specific receptors in the hippocampus and have demonstrated that vitamin A deficiency produces a severe deficit in spatial learning and memory which are linked to a proper hippocampal functioning. It is also well known that the tetradecapeptide somatostatin binds to specific receptors in the hippocampus and, when injected into this brain area, facilitates the acquisition of spatial tasks. In addition, depletion of somatostatin by cysteamine impairs acquisition of these tasks. Taken together, these studies support the idea that the hippocampal somatostatinergic system might be regulated by vitamin A. Hence, we evaluated the effects of vitamin A deprivation and subsequent administration of vitamin A on the rat hippocampal somatostatinergic system. Rats fed a vitamin A-free diet exhibited a significant reduction of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity content in the hippocampus whereas the somatostatin mRNA levels were unaltered. Vitamin A deficiency increased the somatostatin receptor density and its dissociation constant. Functional Gi activity as well as the capacity of somatostatin to inhibit basal and forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity was decreased in vitamin A deficiency rats as compared with the control animals. All these parameters were fully restored when vitamin A was replaced in the diet. Furthermore, we found that the Gi alpha(1), Gi alpha(2) and Gi alpha(3) protein levels were unaltered in hippocampal membranes from rats fed a vitamin A-free diet whereas subsequent vitamin A administration to these rats caused a significant increase in the levels of Gi alpha(1) and Gi alpha 2. Altogether, the present findings suggest that dietary vitamin A levels modulate the somatostatinergic system in the rat hippocampus.
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